一般现在时态一般过去时态

发布于:2021-10-16 12:18:42

一般现在时态专练
一、一般现在时用法。 一般现在时用法。 1.表示经常性, 表示经常性, *惯性,永久性的动作或存在的状态 永久性的动作或存在的状态.通常与副词 表示经常性 *惯性 永久性的动作或存在的状态 通常与副词 sometimes, often, usually, always, every day (year, month ), once (twice, three times) a day,等时间状语连用。 等时间状语连用。 等时间状语连用 I go to school at 7 every day . He often goes to work on foot . 2. 表示客观真理,科学原理,自然现象,等客观事实或格言,谚语等。 表示客观真理,科学原理,自然现象,等客观事实或格言,谚语等。 The sun rises in the east and sets in the west every day. 二、一般现在时态的结构 1.主语 主语+be /can/may /must 主语 2.主语 主语+ V.动词原形 主语 动词原形 Vs/es(当主语是第三人称单数时 当主语是第三人称单数时) 当主语是第三人称单数时 动词第三人称单数的变化规则: 变化规则 动词第三人称单数的变化规则: 1.多数在动词后+s : 多数在动词后+ play — plays like — likes 多数在动词后 2.以字母 s, x, ch, sh 或 o 结尾的动词,在词尾直接加 结尾的动词,在词尾直接加-es.: 以字母 : do---does watch---watches wish---wishes 3.以“辅音字母加 - y”结尾的动词,要先变 y 为 i 再加 结尾的动词, 再加-es.: 以 辅音字母加 结尾的动词 : try---tries study---studies cry---cries fly---flies 不规则变化: have----has 不规则变化: 一般现在时的句子转换: 三、一般现在时的句子转换: 动词或情态动词时: (1)当句子中有 be 动词或情态动词时 ) 陈述句—否定句 否定句: ①陈述句 否定句: be/can/ may /must /will/would +not 陈述句---一般疑问句 一般疑问句: 主语+其他 ②陈述句 一般疑问句:be/can/ may /must /will/would +主语 其他? 主语 其他? 动词,也没有情态动词时: (2) ) 当句子中即没有 be 动词,也没有情态动词时: 陈述句—否定句 主语+don’t /doesn’t +V.原形 . 否定句: ① 陈述句 否定句: 主语 原形 陈述句---一般疑问句 一般疑问句: 主语+V.原形? 原形? ②陈述句 一般疑问句:Do/Does +主语 主语 原形

基础练*
一、 将下列句子改为否定句,一般疑问句,并做肯定和否定回答。 1. I am an English teacher in Beijing .

2. There are many computers on the desks.

3. The weather is hot in Baise in summer .

4. You like listening to the music.

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5. often goes to school at half past seven .

6. He goes on line at home every day .

7. Betty usually does some cleaning on Sundays .

8. The sofa feels comfortable .

9. He can play the piano.

二、 就下列句子的划线部分提问。 1. My name is Tony . name ? 2. Betty is five years old . Betty? 3. There are 50 students in my class . students in you class? 4. The weather is sunny today . the weather today? 5. My favourite food is jiaozi. Favourite food ? 6. He teaches English in Beijing . He English? 7. We have dinner at 6 every day . You dinner every day ? 8. Betty usually does some shopping on Sundays . Betty usually shopping? 9. He goes to work by train . He to work? 10. The river is 3,000 meters long. is the river ? 11. They visit their grandpa once a week . they their grandpa ?
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12. He cleans his room every day . he his room ? 13. Tom writes a letter to his parents twice a month. Tom a letter to twice a month? 14. He can play the paino. he ?
三、补全下列反意疑问句。

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

You are an English teacher , The weather is not cold in the south of China , I like listening to rap music , There isn’t anything wrong with the radio , The man wants a large sweater , Mary doesn’t like classical music, Tony often does some cooking, Betty and Tony find the way to the hotel, Mr Black can speak a little Chinese,

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

四、改错题

1. I am go to school at seven . 2.He plaies basketball very well . 3.Does Jenny has a good friend? 4.Betty doesn’t lives in China. 5.He doesn’t his homework in the afternoon.
6.There are a book and some pens on the desk. 五、书面表达 1. 自我介绍。提示词:name , from, old , study , like,friend 2. My school 提示词:big, office, classroom,dinning hall ,gym, library ,teaching building. 3. 描述你每天的学校生活。 提示词: up , have breakfast ,have lunch , have dinner, go to bed get

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一般过去时态 一、一般过去时态的用法:表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去*惯 一般过去时态的用法:表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态; 经常性的动作、行为. 性、经常性的动作、行为. 二、一般过去时态的结构: 一般过去时态的结构: 结构
1.主语 主语+be(was /were) 主语 ( ) 2.主语 主语+ V.-ed 主语 动词过去式的变化规则: 变化规则 动词过去式的变化规则: 1.一般在动词词尾加 play —played walk--walked .一般在动词词尾加-ed: 2.以字母 e 结尾的动词,在词尾直接加 : 以字母 结尾的动词,在词尾直接加-d.: Live—lived decide---decided 3.以“辅音字母加 - y”结尾的动词,要先变 y 为 i 再加 结尾的动词, 再加-ed.: 以 辅音字母加 结尾的动词 : try---tried study---studied cry---cried 4.以元音字母加一辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,先双写该辅音字母,再加 以元音字母加一辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词, 以元音字母加一辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词 先双写该辅音字母,再加-ed Stop—stopped 不规则变化: be—was/were have/has—had buy ---bought go –went 不规则变化: 三、一般过去时的句子转换: 一般过去时的句子转换: 过去时的句子转换 动词或情态动词时: (1)当句子中有 be 动词或情态动词时 ) 陈述句—否定句 否定句: ①陈述句 否定句: be/could /would +not 陈述句---一般疑问句 一般疑问句: 主语+其他 ②陈述句 一般疑问句:be/could/would +主语 其他? 主语 其他? (2)当句子中即没有 be 动词,也没有情态动词时: 动词,也没有情态动词时: 当句子中即没有 陈述句—否定句 主语+didn’t +V.原形 . 否定句: ①陈述句 否定句: 主语 原形 陈述句---一般疑问句 一般疑问句: 主语+V.原形? 原形? ②陈述句 一般疑问句:Did +主语 主语 原形

基础练*

将下列动词变成过去式 is/am--are---live-decide--play-stop-buy--see-come-do--

walk --carry-go-have/has-take--

visit— study-send-get-write--

一、将下列句子改为否定句,一般疑问句,并做肯定和否定回答。
1.I was in Chengdu last year

2. We were born in Beijing .
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3.She watched TV yesterday evening .

4.He visited his aunt last weekend.

5. They did some sport after school .

6.We saw the homes of the movie stars.

7.She went to work by bus .

8.He could play the piano when he was five years old .

二、就下列句子的划线部分提问。
1. He died in 1919. he ? 2. He was born in Beijing . he ? 3. He got to school by bus . he to school ? 4.I cleaned my bedroom just now . I just now ? 5. We had dinner at 6 yesterday..

you 6.Betty did some shopping last night . Betty
三、 补全下列反意疑问句。

dinner yesterday? shopping?

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1.You were on the farm yesterday, 2.The weather was not cold last night , 3.I liked listening to rap music , 4.There wasn’t anything wrong with the radio , 5.The man saw a purse on the ground, 6.Mary didn’t like classical music, 7.Mr Black could speak a little Chinese, 四、改错题 1. I was went to school at seven . 2.He plaied basketball very well . 3.Did Jenny had a good time last night? 4.Betty didn’t lives in China. 5.He didn’t his homework in the afternoon.
6.There was a book and some pens on the desk.

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

五、书面表达 1.描述你昨天的学校生活。提示词:get up , have breakfast ,have lunch , have dinner, go to bed 2.写一篇游记。提示词:

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